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Pas de prolongation pour la Commission Spéciale Taxe

Qui veut protéger Juncker et Djisselbloem ?

Philippe Lamberts, Eva Joly et Sven Giegold tiendront une conférence de presse aujourd'hui à 16h pour faire le point sur les derniers développements
Cette conférence de presse sera accessible en ligne: http://www.greens-efa.eu/ep-tax-investigation-prolongation-blocked-by-political-groups-14858.html

Que s'est-il passé ?

Ce lundi, les groupes S&D et PPE réaffirmaient pleinement leur soutien à la prolongation, en l'état, de la Commission spéciale TAXE. Pourtant, mardi, à l'initiative de la direction du groupe socialiste, des représentants des S&D, EPP et ALDE se sont rencontrés pour proposer la fin de l'actuelle Commission Spéciale et son remplacement par une Commission basée sur un mandat très fortement affaibli (1)

Pour Philippe LAMBERTS, Président du Groupe Verts/ALE:
"Le scandale Luxleaks semble être pour certains de l'histoire ancienne. À l'abri des regards, il est aujourd'hui proposé de mettre fin à toute enquête permettant d'établir la responsabilité des différents acteurs qui ont permis à l'injustice fiscale de devenir la norme en Europe. Dans la nouvelle proposition, il ne s'agit plus « d'enquêter et d'analyser » mais de « faire un travail d'information » sur l'optimisation fiscale. Que le Parlement renonce à exercer son contrôle démocratique est un coup rude pour les citoyens européens et contribuables qui ont droit à ce que la lumière soit faite sur cet évitement massif de l'impôt par les Multinationales. Mais aujourd'hui, il est proposé de ne plus chercher à savoir qui a permis à Google, Facebook, Amazon et autres compagnies de ne pas payer des milliards d'euros d'impôt. Certains responsables politiques particulièrement concernés, tels que Jean-Claude Juncker et Jeroen Dijsselbloem, seraient ainsi à l'abri de tout complément d'enquête. "

Pour la Vice-présidente de la Commission spéciale TAXE, Eva JOLY:

"Le président du Parlement Européen Martin Schulz est à la manœuvre. Son service juridique a participé à une réunion officieuse avec des représentants PPE, S&D et ADLE hier soir (2). Les groupes Verts/ALE et GUE/NGL qui sont à l'origine de la création de la Commission spéciale et à son extension, en ont été exclus. Il est incroyable de voir le groupe socialiste, parfois à son corps défendant sous pression de sa direction, devenir le premier frein à l'enquête sur le scandale fiscal. La confiance qui s'était instaurée est clairement mise à mal. Un nouveau mandat n'est ni nécessaire ni raisonnable. Le projet de rapport de la Commission TAXE aurait pu être voté sans empêcher le travail d'enquête de se poursuivre. Le mandat de la Commission spéciale telle qu'elle existe est suffisamment large pour poursuivre son travail. Il est encore temps pour chacun de revenir en arrière et d'oublier cet épisode pathétique. »

(2) Ci-après, l''invitation aux responsables des 3 groupes ainsi que le nouveau mandat proposé pour une autre commission spéciale sur l'évasion fiscale

Sent: 24 November 2015 16:55

Subject: Short meeting today at 7 pm on TAXE special committee
Dear Members and Colleagues,
On behalf of my President and in agreement with EPP and Alde Presidents, I would like to invite you to a short meeting today at  7 pm today in  Room LOW 04105 in order to fix the next steps for the TAXE special committee.
(XXX, name of staff), Head of Unit of the presidency will give an explanation on the legal aspects.
It would be appreciated if you could ensure your presence and confirm by e-mail.
Many thanks and best wishes,
(signature of socialist secretariat)

Proposal for mandate
Draft mandate

The European Parliament,
1.       Decides to set up a special committee (ex. article 197 of its rule of procedure) on harmful corporate tax regimes and practices at European and international level:
a. to extend and complete the information work carried out by the special TAXE committee, in particular to keep requesting relevant document for its work, including the minutes of the Code of Conduct Group, to make the necessary contacts and hold hearings with the EU institutions and national, European and international institutions and fora, the national parliaments and governments of the Member States and third countries, as well as representatives of the scientific community, business and civil society, including the social partners; in close cooperation with the standing committees;
b. to follow up the implementation of the TAXE report recommendations by the Member States and all competent European and international institutions including the OECD and G20;
2. Decides that the term of the office of the special committee shall be 6 months, beginning on 1 December 2015.
3. The structure of the Special Committee on tax rulings and other measures similar in nature or effect (TAXE) should be kept in the new special committee.
4. Decides that the special committee shall have 45 members (as the TAXE committee currently has)
5. Considers it appropriate that the special committee present a report drafted by two co-rapporteurs.

Mandate of the current special committee

1. Decides to set up a special committee on tax rulings and other measures similar in nature or effect to examine practice in the application of EU state aid and taxation law in relation to tax rulings and other measures similar in nature or effect issued by Member States, if such practice appears to be the act of a Member State or the Commission;
2.  Decides that the special committee shall be vested with the following powers:
a) to analyse and examine practice in the application of Article 107(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) regarding tax rulings and other measures similar in nature or effect issued by Member States since 1 January 1991;
b) to analyse and assess the Commission's practice of keeping under constant review, pursuant to Article 108 TFEU, all systems of aid existing in Member States, proposing to the Member States appropriate measures required by the progressive development or by the functioning of the internal market, checking whether aid granted by a State or through State resources is compatible with the internal market and not misused, deciding that the State concerned is to abolish or alter such aid within a certain period of time, and referring the matter to the Court of Justice of the European Union if the State concerned does not comply, which has allegedly resulted in a high number of tax rulings incompatible with EU state aid rules;
c) to analyse and examine compliance by Member States since 1 January 1991 with obligations set out in Council Regulation (EC) No 659/1999 of 22 March 1999 laying down detailed rules for the application of Article 108 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union(1) , regarding the obligation to cooperate and provide all necessary documents;
d) to analyse and examine compliance with the obligations set out in Council Directive 77/799/EEC of 19 December 1977 concerning mutual assistance by the competent authorities of the Member States in the field of direct taxation and taxation of insurance premiums(2) and Council Directive 2011/16/EU of 15 February 2011 on administrative cooperation in the field of taxation and repealing Directive 77/799/EEC(3) , regarding communication by Member States to other Member States since 1 January 1991, by spontaneous exchange, of information on tax rulings;
e) to analyse and assess the Commission's practice as regards the proper application of Directives 77/799/EEC and 2011/16/EU regarding communication by Member States to other Member States, by spontaneous exchange, of information on tax rulings;
f) to analyse and assess compliance by the Member States with the principle of sincere cooperation enshrined in Article 4(3) of the Treaty on European Union, such as fulfilment of the obligations to facilitate the achievement of the Union's tasks and to refrain from any measure which could jeopardise the attainment of the Union's objectives, given the alleged large scale of aggressive tax planning facilitated by Member States, and the likely significant consequences this has had on public finances of and in the EU;
g) to analyse and assess the third-country dimension of aggressive tax planning carried out by companies established or incorporated in the Member States, as well as the exchange of information with third countries in this respect;
h) to make any recommendations that it deems necessary in this matter;

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Député(e)s responsables

Sven Giegold
Sven Giegold
Député-e
Eva Joly
Eva Joly
Député-e
Philippe Lamberts
Philippe Lamberts
Coprésident-e

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