Fighting for a humane EU Migration Pact

We continue to tragically lose lives in the Mediterranean sea and on EU shores. People are suffering while seeking safety and protection in EU countries. People fleeing from wars and political persecution still face detention and violent push-backs from national authorities. They are still exposed to the violence at the hands of smugglers, to exploitation. They are still facing social exclusion, racism and hate crimes. On top of this, climate change, environmental disasters and extreme poverty are putting extra risks to their lives, trying to reach Europe.

The EU has failed to provide safe channels for humane migration. Rather than finding effective responses to manage migration, many Member States continue to misuse the issue as a scapegoat for societal challenges. We need an EU migration and asylum pact that treats people seeking safety with dignity. Let’s fight for a humane migration policy that enables safe passage, upholds human rights law and facilitates successful integration. Let’s create a welcoming Europe!

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The EU Pact on Migration and Asylum: What the Greens/EFA stand for

At the moment, the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union are negotiating a new Pact on Migration and Asylum. During these negotiations the Greens/EFA in the European Parliament continue to stand for the principles of solidarity, access to asylum, fair relocation between Member States, and respect for fundamental rights.

This is why we are calling for in detail:

  • Respect and protection of international law and fundamental rights
  • Access to fair and efficient asylum procedures
  • Ensure dignified reception conditions and solidarity among Member States
  • a fair share of responsibility for asylum applications among all Member States
  • Safe and legal channels for migration, including family reunification
  • an EU approach to labour migration that promotes mobility to and within the EU
  • Saving lives at sea and the establishment of EU-coordinated and EU-funded search and rescue, in respect of international human rights and maritime law.
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An EU migration policy based on human rights - not blame games

The Greens/EFA believe that a migration policy founded on human rights and solidarity is urgently needed. The right to asylum shall be upheld and the human rights of all migrants shall be respected, as provided by international and human rights laws, including the Geneva Convention, to which the EU is party. We want to establish a humane asylum system with fast and decentralised procedures.

However, the current proposals being negotiated are unfortunately fake solutions based on short-sighted political ambitions. Conservatives promote a tough approach, eg. by increasing the use of systemic detention. They do not suggest any workable solution or fair procedures, which would enhance compliance. Fair procedures would also reduce the risks of marginalisation and social exclusion.

But instead of seeking humane and practical solutions to manage migration in an orderly and safe way, EU Member States have been pursuing dangerous policies that are turning the Mediterranean into a graveyard.

For a humane migration pact, we will not accept:

  • The use of systematic and prolonged detention of migrants, including children and families at the external borders of the EU
  • Lowering of procedural standards and safeguards as part of the asylum procedure, including for example by reducing the right of appeal or justifying summary deportations in the absence of appropriate judicial review
  • Externalisation of migration management to third countries (i.e. Libya, Turkey, Tunisia...) in the absence of fundamental rights monitoring, democratic scrutiny and parliamentary oversight (see for example the recent EU-Tunisia deal)

The detention of migrants, children and families at the borders is totally unacceptable. The EU cannot allow the systematic and prolonged detention of people in unsanitary and unsafe conditions to continue. The Greens/EFA Group will never accept the lowering of procedural standards and legal safeguards in asylum procedures. Asylum seekers must retain the right to appeal or justification of deportation in the case of a failed application.

It’s time to end the inhumane and degrading treatment of refugees and migrants at EU borders.

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A Europe of solidarity, a welcoming Europe

Funding autocrats and militias to handle migration management without any democratic scrutiny or fundamental rights is a recipe for abuses and attacks against people's liberties. The EU cannot continue to outsource our issues without ensuring the utmost respect for human rights, the rule of law and European values.

Migration is a Europe-wide issue that requires practical and fair solutions based on solidarity and respect for human rights. We must not leave border countries to deal with the brunt of this crisis without solidarity from the rest of Europe.

This issue can not be solved by NGOs and individuals alone. And those helping migrants at sea must not face persecution by any government. Their vital work must not be persecuted. To stop the shipwrecks and lost lives at sea we urgently need an EU-coordinated, state-led search and rescue mission in the Mediterranean.

This is why the Greens/EFA are calling for a humane EU migration pact, so people seeking help can do so in dignity and under human rights law - for a Europe free from fear, for a Europe of solidarity!

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Migration Pact Negotiations - Greens/EFA shadow rapporteurs

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Asylum and Migration Management Regulation - Greens/EFA Shadow Damien Carême

What this file is about

The AMMR replaces the previous and notoriously dysfunctional Dublin system, which left Member states at the EU's external borders with a disproportionate share of responsibility for dealing with asylum claims, which our Group has consistently criticised. An innovation of the AMMR is the addition of two new aspects: a broader “migration management” approach, which includes cooperation with third countries; and a “solidarity” part which intends to address the current imbalance in times of “migratory pressure” via measures such as relocation. The negotiations on this key file are still ongoing and the Greens/EFA priority is to ensure solidarity via relocations and family unity are prioritised and made effective.

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Crisis and Force Majeure Regulation - Greens/EFA Shadow Damian Boeselager

What this file is about

This file establishes a number of derogations from the rules set out in the AMMR and APR, as well as a solidarity mechanism, which will apply in crisis and force majeure. Our Group’s view is that in such situations, mandatory relocation to other Member States and ensuring that applicants’ rights are upheld, including by establishing faster procedures to grant protection to those clearly in need, are the only effective and meaningful solutions.

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Screening Regulation - Greens/EFA Shadow Tineke Strik

What this file is about

The Screening Regulation introduces an informal pre-entry check for all third-country nationals who arrive at the external borders of the EU without fulfilling the entry conditions or after disembarkation, following a search and rescue operation. The screening will be carried out by resorting to de facto detention and without providing for legal remedies against the procedure. While negotiations are still ongoing, our Group is concerned that further categories of third-country nationals will fall under the scope of the screening, leading to increased risks of ethnic profiling and racial discrimination.

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Asylum Procedures Regulation - Greens/EFA Shadow Erik Marquardt

What this file is about

The APR sets rules and time limits for making, lodging, registering and examining asylum applications. This includes rights and obligations for asylum applicants, including for appealing against negative decisions. The file also allows for a variety of derogations from and variations of the “normal” asylum procedure which will significantly reduce procedural safeguards for applicants subjected to them and to which our Group is opposed.

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Eurodac Regulation - Greens/EFA Shadow Saskia Bricmont

What this file is about

Eurodac is a biometric database whose original purpose was that of facilitating the application of the Dublin Regulation and the transfer of asylum applicants across Member States by identifying asylum-seekers when entering the EU. With the new reform, the scope of Eurodac will be largely expanded. The new rules also provide for the lowering of the age for taking biometric data from 14 to 6 and the possibility to resort to coercion for taking fingerprints and facial images, including for children and vulnerable persons.

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Reception Conditions Directive - Greens/EFA Shadow Damien Carême

What this file is about

The purpose of this Directive is to set minimum standards for the reception of asylum seekers including housing, health care and the right to work during the asylum procedure across the EU. The new proposal will: Allow applicants to work at the latest six months after requesting asylum, instead of currently nine months, improving self-reliance and integration prospects; Favour access to language and civic education courses and vocational training to enhance integration opportunities; and Appoint legal guardians for children and ensure access to education.

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Qualification Regulation - Greens/EFA Shadow Alice Bah Kuhnke

What this file is about

The purpose of the Qualification Regulation is to further harmonise the criteria by which Member States define who qualifies as a refugee, as well as other forms of protection for persons who face serious risks in their country of origin. The objective is to ensure that persons fleeing persecution are identified and have access to the same level of protection across the EU, regardless of the Member State where they lodge their asylum application.

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Resettlement & Humanitarian Admission Framework Regulation - Greens/EFA Shadow Tineke Strik

What this file is about

This new Regulation sets up a common procedure, including common eligibility criteria for Member States to grant resettlement and humanitarian admission for the most vulnerable third-country nationals or stateless persons in need of international protection.

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Photo by Jannik on Unsplash
Barbed wire fence
Press release |

MEPs condemn illegal pushbacks and rejects Frontex discharge

The European Parliament rejected the granting of the 2020 discharge to the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, Frontex. The Greens/EFA group has long been calling for greater accountability and transparency of Frontex.
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Ggia (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Syrian and Iraqi refugees arrive from Turkey to Lesbos, Greece
Press release |

Melilla massacre: “We proved it with Ukraine. If we want, we can -Diana RIBA MEP

EFA MEP Diana RIBA i GINER intervened in plenary today on the killing of 37 migrants in the Spanish border of Melilla, and on migration rights.
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© Picture credits: ERIK MARQUARDT
Refugees walking in a field
Study |

Addressing the violation of fundamental rights at the external borders of the European Union

Violations of fundamental rights at the external borders, including pushbacks and violence committed towards third country nationals, have been well-reported and documented by journalists and NGOs. This study looks at infringement proceedings and conditionality in EU funding instruments.
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© Picture credits: PEXELS - PHOTO BY RODNAE PRODUCTION
Solidarity
Study |

Resilience and Resistance - a case study

Acting in solidarity with migrants and refugees in the EU has been difficult for years. Our study found that between January 2021 and March 2022, no less than 89 people have been criminalised for helping migrants and refugees. The EU must take immediate action to fight against the crackdown on solidarity and prevent the criminalisation of…
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Press release |

Migration : solidarity should not be a crime

A delegation of MEPs from progressive groups held a press conference with the former mayor of Riace Domenico “Mimmo” Lucano who was sentenced to 13 years and 2 months in prison for criminal conspiracy to assist illegal immigration. MEPs wanted to express their solidarity with Mimmo Lucano and to highlight their commitment in favour of an…
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Erik Marquardt
ukraine poland refugees
Opinion |

Letters from Lviv, Ukraine - MEP Erik Marquardt visits the Polish-Ukrainian border

Erik Marquardt
Opinion by Erik Marquardt
Almost three million people have fled the Ukraine to seek safety in the EU. Read about MEP Erik Marquardt’s visit to the border between Ukraine and Poland.
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Press release |

Greens/EFA welcome agreement on special measures for refugees fleeing Ukraine

Ministers in the Justice and Home Affairs Council have agreed, for the first time, to trigger the ‘Temporary Protection Directive’ to support people fleeing the Russian invasion of Ukraine. The Greens/EFA Group are calling on EU Member States and the Commission to ensure that all people fleeing the war are able to find sanctuary in the E…
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Belarus OUT (Photo by Leonid Shcheglov / BELTA / AFP)
A picture taken on November 8, 2021 shows migrants at the Belarusian-Polish border in the Grodno region.
Press release |

Commission plans tantamount to accepting pushbacks

The European Commission has just announced that it will allow Poland, Lithuania and Latvia to ‘re-direct’ asylum seekers to a formal border crossing point, where they can be detained for up to 20 weeks. The proposal implicitly endorses the current practice of pushbacks at the borders with Belarus, which brings asylum seekers, including fa…
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Photo by Lydia Hague on Unsplash
Fence on Lesvos
Press release |

Greens/EFA MEPs call for end to criminal charges against Humanitarian Workers

Over 71 MEPs have sent an open letter to the European Commission and the Greek government, in support of humanitarian workers facing possible 25 years’ imprisonment as Greece cracks down on activists engaged in search and rescue. This Thursday, the trial of humanitarian workers will start in Greece and could result in the activists spend…
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Photo by Olivier Miche on Unsplash
Mountains
Press release |

New EU Asylum Agency first step to a functioning common European asylum system

The European Parliament has voted in favour of establishing a fully-fledged EU Asylum Agency (EUAA) which will replace the European Asylum Support Office (EASO). The Greens/EFA group welcomes the establishment of this new agency. This is the first asylum related law to be adopted since at least 6 years, when the Commission proposed a se…